Today we are able to tell the story of the Lutheran Reformation together. Even though Lutherans and Catholics have different points of view, because of ecumenical dialogue they are able to overcome traditional anti-Protestant and anti-Catholic hermeneutics in order to find a common way of remembering past events. The following chapter is not a full description of the entire history and all the disputed theological points. It highlights only some of the most important historical situations and theological issues of the Reformation in the sixteenth century.
Some people seem very surprised by this announcement and yet the only thing new about it is the twitter component. The doctrine of Indulgences remains a central teaching of the Roman Catholic Church. The doctrine of purgatory is an integral doctrine to the Roman Catholic understanding of redemption.
It is the place where the vast majority of even professing Christians go upon their death. As recently as the Roman Catholic Catechism, the Church declares that if a person dies with any spot or blemish or stain on their soul — any impurity — instead of going directly to heaven they must first go to this place of purging which is this intermediate state between earth and heaven.
Rome makes clear that purgatory is not hell. It is not a place of the punitive wrath of God, but it is a place for the corrective wrath of God, as it were, where the sanctifying process is continued through the crucible of fire.
A person may be there for two weeks or they may be there for two hundred million years — as long as it takes for a person to become truly righteous — inherently righteous, and once that process is completed, they can be declared justified by God and released into heaven. It is a tradition of the Roman Catholic Church that developed over a long period of time.
For those who died in the Crusades, eternal life was assured.
Purgatory would be shortened and heaven would be accessed a whole lot earlier. Obviously Christ shed a vast amount of blood as He was crucified. What happened to all this excess merit? God stored this merit in a treasury think of a treasure chest in heaven.
Mary according to Rome was sinless. She gained far more merit than what was needed for heaven, and so the extra merit she acquired was added to the treasury, along with the merits of saints who again had more than enough merit to enter heaven for themselves.
All excess merit was stored in the treasury.
Because of this, the more sinful believers could benefit from the merit of their more saintly brethren. Mary was a wonderful sister in Christ, yet she herself was aware of her need for salvation. These indulgences grant relief from the temporal punishments of purgatory and are measured in terms of time: Strictly speaking, indulgencies are not sold, but still the granting of a pardon was timed to coincide with a contribution of money by the sinner or the family.
The scapular must be worn and the wearer must be enrolled in the scapular. Chastity to one's state in life must be observed.Martin Luther (—) German theologian, professor, pastor, and church reformer. Luther began the Protestant Reformation with the publication of his Ninety-Five Theses on October 31, In this publication, he attacked the Church’s sale of indulgences.
May 31, · Luther’s frustration with this practice led him to write the 95 Theses, which were quickly snapped up, translated from Latin into German and distributed widely. What if you had to pick ten singular events that are most definitive for Church/Christian history?
And to keep it interesting, what if Event is taken in the most narrow sense to mean an exact moment (and not an epoch or period)? Ten such events are given here. 1 Miller critiqued Payne’s similar approach in which he looked at the “bar-umlaut” in relation to textual variation (p.
, n. 29). In essence, Payne did not look at a control group which meant that the results of his study were not falsifiable. For works by and about Luther, see Martin Luther (resources) or Luther's works at Wikisource.
Atkinson, James (). Martin Luther and the Birth of Protestantism, in series, Pelican Book[s]. The 95 Theses and their Results () Background.
From Luther was not only theology professor at Wittenberg University but also the priest at the City Church in Wittenberg.