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Often, this excessive obsession with the most minute of details causes a direct management failure in the ability to focus on the major details. Micromanagement also frequently involves requests for unnecessary and overly detailed reports "reportomania". A micromanager tends to require constant and detailed performance feedback and to focus excessively on procedural trivia often in detail greater than they can actually process rather than on overall performance, quality and results.
This focus on "low-level" trivia often delays decisions, clouds overall goals and objectives, restricts the flow of information between employees, and guides the various aspects of a project in different and often opposed directions.
Many micromanagers accept such inefficiencies as less important than their retention of control or of the appearance of control.
The most extreme cases of micromanagement constitute a management pathology closely related to workplace bullying and narcissistic behavior. Micromanagement resembles addiction in that although most micromanagers are behaviorally dependent on control over others, both as a lifestyle and as a means of maintaining that lifestyle, many of them fail to recognize and acknowledge their dependence even when everyone around them observes it.
Renee Kowalski Although micromanagement is often easily recognized by employees, micromanagers rarely view themselves as such. In a form of denial similar to that found in addictive behavior, micromanagers will often rebut allegations of micromanagement by offering a competing characterization of their management style such as "structured", "organized", or " perfectionistic ".
Compared with mismanagement[ edit ] Micromanagement can be distinguished from the mere tendency of a manager to perform duties assigned to a subordinate.
In micromanagement, the manager not only tells a subordinate what to do but dictates that the job be done a certain way regardless of whether that way is the most effective or efficient one.
Since manager-employee relationships include a difference in power and often in age, workplace psychologists have used models based on transference theory to draw analogies between micromanagement relationships and dysfunctional parent-child relationships, e.
Such motivations for micromanagement often intensify, at both the individual-manager and the organization-wide level, during times of economic hardship.
Micromanagement can also stem from a breakdown in the fundamentals of delegation. When a task or project is delegated in an unclear way, or where there is a lack of trust between the manager and the person doing the work, micromanagement naturally ensues.
Clearer delegation, with a well defined goal, clear vision of the constraints and dependencies, and effective oversight, can help prevent micromanagement. A micromanager may set unreachable standards later invoked as grounds for termination of those employees.
These standards may be either specific to certain employees or generally applicable but selectively enforced only against particular employees. Alternatively, the micromanager may attempt by this or other means to create a stressful workplace in which the undesired employees no longer desire to participate.
When such stress is severe or pervasive enough, its creation may be regarded as constructive discharge also known in the United Kingdom as "constructive dismissal" and in the United States as "constructive termination". Creation of ex post resentment in both vertical manager-subordinate and horizontal subordinate-subordinate relationships Damage to ex ante trust in both vertical and horizontal relationships Interference with existing teamwork and inhibition of future teamwork in both vertical relationships e.
Because a pattern of micromanagement suggests to employees that a manager does not trust their work or judgment, it is a major factor in triggering employee disengagement, often to the point of promoting a dysfunctional and hostile work environment in which one or more managers, or even management generally, are labeled "control freaks.
The effects of this phenomenon are worse in situations where work is passed from one specialized employee to another. In such a situation, apathy among upstream employees affects not only their own productivity but also that of their downstream colleagues.
Severe forms of micromanagement can completely eliminate trust, stifle opportunities for learning and development of interpersonal skills, and even provoke anti-social behavior. Micromanagers of this severity often rely on inducing fear in the employees to achieve more control and can severely affect self-esteem of employees as well as their mental and physical health.
Finally, the detrimental effects of micromanagement can extend beyond the company itself, especially when the behavior becomes severe enough to force out skilled employees valuable to competitors.
Current employees may complain about micromanagement in social settings or to friend-colleagues e. Most harmfully to the company, forced-out employees, especially those whose advanced skills have made them attractive to other companies and gained them immediate respect, may have few reservations about speaking frankly when answering questions about why they changed employers; they may even deliberately badmouth their former employer.
It may follow the forced-out employee to the new job and create an environment of new micromanagement.In business management, micromanagement is a management style whereby a manager closely observes and/or controls the work of his/her subordinates or employees..
Micromanagement is generally considered to have a negative connotation, mainly due to the . The Importance of an Employee Stress Management Program - What can be done to manage and/or apply preventative measures to prevent stress in the workplace.
In business management, micromanagement is a management style whereby a manager closely observes and/or controls the work of his/her subordinates or employees..
Micromanagement is generally considered to have a negative connotation, mainly due to the fact that it shows a lack of freedom in the workplace.
Corey Robin mentioned sexual harassment to invoke an indefensible idea that turned out to have defenders; I fear this essay does the same.
The BHLs are conflicted about far simpler questions like “can you contract yourself into slavery?”, so the answer to “what manner of rights do they believe are inalienable by contract?” is “very, very close to . Labour Turnover and Absenteeism Essay. Answer the following mark question “A business is suffering from high labour turnover and absenteeism - Labour Turnover and Absenteeism Essay introduction.
Evaluate the potential causes of their high turnover & absenteeism and . Emotions in the workplace play a large role in how an entire organization communicates within itself and to the outside world.
“Events at work have real emotional impact on participants. The consequences of emotional states in the workplace, both behavioral and attitudinal, have substantial significance for individuals, groups, and society”.